Cancer is one of the worlds biggest causes of death and scientists are constantly working on trying to find a cure for every type of cancer there is. Every day we find out more and more information about the deadly disease yet we are still to find a cure. Without a cure, it is crucial that we look out for early signs and symptoms that may lead to an early diagnosis.
According to statistics, in Canada, ovarian cancer affected roughly 2,800 in 2016 and was the cause of 1,750 deaths. In America, there were roughly 22,280 cases and a total of 14,240 deaths.
The reason why the percentage of deaths is so high with this type of cancer is because it is extremely hard to diagnose. The symptoms are often mistaken for other diseases and there is no test that can determine whether you have it or not. The good thing is, with new research, scientists have found that there may be ways to spot signs and symptoms of early ovarian cancer.
Like many other diseases, there are a lot obvious factors that could make you more at risk then others. For example your age, of course anyone can be diagnosed with ovarian cancer but the disease is more prone to affect women between the ages of 50 to 60. It is also possible that you may inherit the gene mutation that causes it.
There is no specific tests that can be taken to determine whether you have ovarian cancer or not but there are some other tests that can help towards the diagnosis. The first test is an ultrasound or CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis. Both of these tests determine the size and shape of the woman’s ovaries.
If you have ovarian cancer then your blood usually contains a protein called CA 125, so the second test is a blood test.
Stages of Ovarian Cancer
There are 4 stages of this specific cancer. Stage 1 is when the cancer is found in one or both of the ovaries. If the cancer has spread to other areas of the pelvis then this is stage 2. Stage 3, if the cancer has spread to the abdomen and stage 4 is usually when the cancer has spread to outside the abdomen.
Here are the four early signs of ovarian cancer that you need to look out for…
1. Constant Bloating
If you are expecting bloating that lasts for three weeks or longer which is out of the ordinary then this could be a telltale sign. At this stage, you should be consulting your doctor.
2. Pain in Lower Abdomen or Pelvis
Pains that women suffer from during their menstruation cycle are completely normal, however if you are still suffering from pains after this cycle then this shouldn’t be ignored. This sign needs to be taken a bit more seriously because so many women mistake these pains as period pains.
3. Eating Changes
You may notice that your eating habits have changed slightly. If you sudden become less hungry over a period of three weeks then you should go and visit your doctor. There could be issues with your stomach or intestines or it could be ovarian cancer.
4. Urgent Need to Urinate
If you have made no change in your intake of liquids and you are constantly feeling the need to urinate then this may be an issue. For example, if you’re feeling ok one minute then a couple of minutes later you find your self running to the toilet then this could be early stages of ovarian cancer.